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        全球先進生物能源資訊 » 新聞資訊 » 國際資訊 » 正文行業新聞 國際資訊 專家學者 技術交流 政策法規 展會動態 

        荷蘭生物質消費量到2020年將達到230萬噸

        放大字體  縮小字體 發布日期:2019-03-15  來源:全球先進生物能源資訊  瀏覽次數:984
         

        根據荷蘭政府向美國農業部外國農業服務局全球農業信息網提交的一份報告,荷蘭的生物質消費量預計將從2018年的約180萬噸增加到2020年的約230萬噸。

        Biomass consumption in the Netherlands is expected to grow from approximately 1.8 million metric tons in 2018 to about 2.3 million tons in 2020, according to a report filed by the Dutch government with the USDA Foreign Agricultural Service’s Global Agricultural Information Network.

         

        根據該報告,預計的增長是基于荷蘭政府的補貼。政府還表示,預計將增加生物質的進口數量,無論是木片還是顆粒。

        According to the report, the expected increase is based on allocated Dutch government subsidies. The government also said an increasing volume of biomass is expected to be imported, either in the form of wood chips or pellets.

         

        該報告指出,荷蘭的生物質工業市場可分為兩個主要部分:與煤炭共燒生物質的發電廠,以及產生熱量和/或電力的生物質發電廠。

        The report notes that the Dutch industrial market for biomass can be divided into two main segments: power plants that cofire biomass with coal, and biomass plants that generate heat and/or power.

         

        報告稱,與煤炭共燒生物質的發電廠位于港口,可能以進口木屑顆粒的形式采購生物質。這些工廠從荷蘭政府獲得的補貼是基于比其他類型的生物質較高的顆粒價格。報告還指出,這些設施使用的顆粒必須符合荷蘭政府的可持續性要求,并與環境非政府組織達成協議。報告指出,限制從美國進口顆粒的主要限制因素是缺乏森林水平認證,以及公約強制執行的其他要求。

        Power plants that cofire biomass with coal are located at ports and are likely to source biomass in the form of imported wood pellets, the report said. The subsidy these plants receive from the Dutch government is based on the relatively high price of pellets when compared to other types of biomass. The report also indicates that pellets used by these facilities must comply with Dutch government sustainability requirements and a covenant agreed upon with environmental NGOs. The report states that the main constraint limiting pellet imports from the U.S. is the lack of forest level certification, along with additional requirements enforced by the covenant.

         

        該報告將產生熱量和/或電力的生物質發電廠分為兩個子類別:容量超過5兆瓦的設施和容量小于5兆瓦的設施。

        The report divides biomass plants generating heat and/or power into two subcategories: facilities with a capacity of more than 5 MW, and facilities with a capacity of less than 5 MW.

         

        容量為5兆瓦或以上的生物質發電廠必須符合荷蘭政府的可持續性要求。根據該報告,這些較大的設施通常位于內陸港口,可能以木片或顆粒的形式在當地采購生物質。與當地采購的生物質相比,購買美國顆?;蚰酒糜谶@些設施的主要限制因素是其相對較高的價格。

        Biomass plants with a capacity of 5 MW or more must comply with the Dutch government’s sustainability requirements. According to the report, these larger facilities are often located at inland ports and are likely to source biomass locally in the form of chips or pellets. The main constraint with the purchase of U.S. pellets or chips for these facilities is their relatively high price when compared to locally sourced biomass.

         

        容量小于5兆瓦的小型發電廠不需要符合荷蘭的可持續性要求。根據該報告,這些設施主要位于港口,可能以木片或顆粒的形式從國外采購生物質。該報告還指出,目前對這些設施改用生物質的主要限制因素是公眾缺乏有利的處置方式認識。

        Smaller facilities with a capacity of less than 5 MW do not need to comply with the Dutch sustainability requirements. According to the report, these facilities are primarily located at ports and are likely to source biomass from abroad, in the form of chips or pellets. The report also notes the current main constraint for switching to biomass for these facilities is the lack of a favorable disposition by the public.

        在報告中,荷蘭政府表示,預計未來兩年固體生物質需求量將增加約50萬噸。 預計需求增加將以木片形式吸引其他歐盟成員國的生物質,并以顆粒形式從其他國家進口。迄今為止,報告指出荷蘭企業局已經為使用固體生物質進行能源生產的200多個項目提供了補貼。

        Within the report, the Dutch government said it expects demand for solid biomass to increase by approximately 500,000 tons over the next two years. The increased demand is expected to attract biomass from other EU member states in the form of chips, and imports from other countries in the form of pellets. To date, the report states the Dutch Enterprise Agency has granted subsidies for more than 200 projects using solid biomass for energy production.

         

        荷蘭在2018年消費了約170萬噸非顆粒的木質生物質。該國生產150萬噸,出口35萬噸,進口55萬噸。2018年荷蘭的木屑顆粒消費量達到15.5萬噸。該國生產了5,000噸顆粒,進口40萬噸,出口25萬噸。

        The Netherlands consumed approximately 1.7 million tons of nonpellet wood biomass in 2018. The country produced 1.5 million tons, exported 350,000 tons, and imported 550,000 tons. Consumption of wood pellets in the Netherlands reached 155,000 tons in 2018. The country produced 5,000 tons of pellets, imported 400,000 tons and exported 250,000 tons.

         

        來源:Biomass Magazine

         

         

         

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